The affordable housing indicator is the percentage of the poorest quintile of the population who are living in a household where the total housing costs ('net' of housing allowances) represent less than 40% of total disposable household income. Total housing costs are defined as rent or mortgage costs (principle repayment and mortgage interest) plus the costs of mandatory services and charges, regular maintenance and repair, taxes and utilities.
All HRMI measures of economic and social rights have been produced using official statistics collected by national governments and harmonised by international organisations. For each indicator, our methodology compares the observed level of enjoyment of that dimension of human rights to the benchmark level.
In the case of the income adjusted benchmark, the country’s enjoyment level is compared to the enjoyment level that other countries have shown can be achieved at that per-capita income level. This means that HRMI’s income adjusted economic and social rights metrics can show how well a government is using its available resources to ensure that people enjoy these rights to the maximum extent possible.
In the case of the global best benchmark>, the country’s enjoyment level is compared to the highest enjoyment level of countries at any per capita income level.
For the Quality of Life rights (economic and social rights), HRMI measures countries against 2 different benchmarks. You can change benchmarks by clicking the 'Switch view' button
Income adjusted: How well is the country doing compared to what we know is possible at that country's income level? Every country can achieve 100% against this benchmark if they use their available resources effectively, so any lower score tells us that improvement is needed, and is possible.
Global best: How well is the country doing compared to the rest of the world, including the wealthiest countries?